One of the major astronomy treatises of the late middle ages was written by the 13th-century scholar Johannes de Sacro Bosco. His work, commonly known as De sphaera mundi (On the sphere of the world), was used as a textbook throughout Europe for several centuries. This particular edition – one of a great many in our collections — was printed in 1485 by Erhold Ratdolt, a German printer and bookseller working in Venice. The 1485 Ratdolt edition of De Sphaera Mundi is significant for a number reasons, not the least of which is an unassuming diagram on page 71 (pictured, in our copy, above). Modest though it may indeed be, this diagram, which shows the mechanism of a lunar eclipse in red, yellow, and black, is the first printed, multi-color book illustration.
One of the many “firsts” in our collections is this unusual book of sea charts. Printed in Venice ca. 1485 by Guglielmo da Trino, the Isolario of Bartolomeo da li Sonetti is both the first printed book of nautical charts and the first printed version of an isolario, or “island book.” The so-called island book was a kind of precursor to the modern atlas: a curious work of cartography in which maps of the Aegean archipelago were accompanied by descriptive verses intended to help guide seafarers through the region.
Bartolomeo’s Isolario presents the modern reader with a series of recognizable, though, to our eyes, strangely crude outlines of familiar landforms. Each chart is set atop an eight-pointed compass rose, with orientation varying from chart to chart and page to page, the arrow always denoting north and the cross east, toward the Levant.
Posted on December 1st, 2014 by Lauren Schott in Collections of Distinction
Of the hundreds of treasures throughout the Collections of Distinction, one of the newest and most thought provoking is a recent addition to the American Civil War: 20th Massachusetts Regiment Collection. It is the pocket diary of Charles Tarbox from Haverill, Massachusetts. This little journal holds the personal recollections of the young Civil War Union soldier as he traveled south with the Massachusetts 35th Regiment, Company G in the summer of 1862. The journal is accompanied by a photograph of Tarbox, looking very solemn, young, and stoic in his army uniform.
Upon its acquisition, the journal and photograph were immediately sent to the Conservation Department at the Central Library in Copley Square to be assessed. Often when a book finds its way there, the objective is to mend the tiny paper tears, holes, and binding malfunctions that make an item difficult to handle in order to maintain its structure and usability for patrons of the future. For the journal, however, there was an entirely different strategy because it is the object’s flaws that make it so very special.
Posted on November 25th, 2014 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
Tags: autographs, Benton collection, book of common prayer, bookbindings, Bowditch collection, cataloging, provenance, rare books
The record of ownership of a book, commonly referred to as its “provenance,” is one of the most exciting and important areas of research for rare books librarians. Though time consuming, this kind of work is a great chance to comb through centuries of bibliography, reconstructing the historic record and establishing important connections between different people and their exposure to different ideas. Over the past several months, we have been able to uncover many of these important connections within our own collections. Below are just a few examples.