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J.G. Bartholomew
“The World Showing Characteristic Land Surface Features and Ocean Currents,” 1890
Marcus Kottek and others
World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Updated, 2006

Minerva sent them a fair wind from the West, that whistled over the deep blue waves . . .

–Homer. The Odyssey, book II. Translated by Samuel Butler, 1999.

Lienhart Hol; Johannes Schnitzer
[World map], 1482
Bernardo Sylvanus
[World map], 1511
Lorenz Fries
[World map], 1525
Franz Ritter
[World map], [1607]
Matthaeus Seutter
Tabula Anemographica seu Pyxis Nautica, Vulgo Compass…, 1760

And thorough this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: Hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set: The spring, the summer,
The childing autumn, angry winter, change
Their wonted liveries, and the mazed world,
By their increase, now knows not which is which.

–William Shakespeare. A Midsummer Night’s Dream, 1595. Titania, 2.1.106-114

Moses Pitt
Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula, 1680
Pieter Goos
“Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima Tabula”, 1672
Charles Grignion
“Begin with Sense, of Ev’ry Art the Soul…,” 1751

Lulled lay the smooth and silent sea,
A mirror in translucent calm,
The breeze, along that crystal realm,
Unmurmuring, died in balm.

–Friedrich Schiller. Hero and Leander, 1801.

Herman Moll
A New & Correct Map of the Whole World…, 1715

“When we sailed from Boston, in December, the sun was quite low at noon and gave very little heat…As we sailed south, the sun was every day higher and warmer at noon, and soon we could not bear a fire in our cabin.”

–William C. Woodbridge. Excerpt from Modern School Geography, p. xxii, 1846.

SP Scienceware
Galileo Thermometer, 21st Century
Admiral Fitzroy’s Storm Glass, 21st century
Trippensee Planetarium Company
The Trippensee Planetarium , 1908-1925
Holbrooks Apparatus Manufacturing Co.
[Terrestrial Pocket Globe], [1855?]
John Bartholomew
“Temperature Chart of the World,” 1887
Athanasius Kircher
Mappa Fluxus et Refluxus Rationes in Isthmo Americano…, 1670
Georges-Louis Le Rouge
Remarques sur la Navigation de Terre-Neuve à New-York…, 1785
Frederick Warne & Co.
“Physical Map of the World Showing Currents and Isothermal Lines,” 1870
Matthew Fontaine Maury
Wind and Current Chart of the North Atlantic, 1850
James F. Lahey et al.
“March 17-21 and March 22-26,” 1958
U.S. Office of Climatology
“Chart 30 and Chart 31,” 1961
William C. Woodbridge
“Isothermal Chart, or, View of Climates and Productions …,” 1831
G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co.
Colton’s Map of the Territory of Alaska…, 1868
Charles A. Schott
Temperature Chart of the United States…, 1874
U.S. Geological Survey
Monthly Average Temperature, US, [1986]
Cornelius S. Cartée
“The Distribution of Rain and Snow over the Globe,” 1856
Charles A. Schott
Rainfall-chart of the United States, 1880
John H. Renshawe
Panoramic View of the Mount Rainier National Park, Washington, 1914
NASA’s Earth Observatory
Panoramic View of the Mount Rainier National Park, Washington, 2005
Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Berghaus
“Umrisse der Pflanzengeographie,” 1845-1848
Alexander K. Johnston
“Geographical Distribution & Cultivation of the Most Important Plants…,” 1850
Cornelius S. Cartée
“The Distribution of Trees, Shrubs, Grains and Fruits According to Zones of Climate & Moisture,” 1856
Richard Saunders (né Benjamin Franklin)
Poor Richard 1738: An Almanac for the Year of Christ 1738, 1738
Truman Abell
The New England Farmer’s Diary, and Almanac…, 1816
The Massachusetts Almanac, 1832
Nathan Daboll
The New England Almanac and Farmer’s Friend, 1861
Robert B. Thomas
“Planting by the Moon’s Phase,” 2016
U.S. Department of Agriculture
“Average Dates of Last Killing Frost in Spring,” 1936
“International Meteorology – Ocean Storm-Tracks,” 1881 U.S. Weather Bureau
Daily Weather Map, 1959
New Orleans Outer Continental Shelf Office
Selected Hurricanes Affecting the Southern United States 1954-1977, [1977]
NOAA – National Climatic Data Center
2005 Significant U.S. Hurricane Strikes, [2005]
John Shepardson
“An Extract from the Reflections on the Tornado which Passed from Northfield, through Warwick, to Orange, Sept. 9, 1821,” 1873
Alexander Dallas Bache
“Notes and Diagrams, Illustrative of the Directions of the Forces Acting at and Near the Surface of the Earth, in Different Parts of the Brunswick Tornado of June 19th 1835 [details],” 1837
W.A. Glassford
“Track of Tornado through Village of Wallingford, Conn., August 9th, 1878,” 1878
David French
Wallingford Tornado, Friday, Aug. 9, 1878, [1878-?]
NOAA – National Weather Service, Storm Prediction Center
2011 Tornadoes, [2011]
NOAA – National Weather Service, Storm Prediction Center
Annual Average Tornado Watches per Year (20y Avg. 1993-2012), [2011]
NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory
[Hook Echo Radar Image], [2016]
NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory
[MPAR Tornadic Scan Image], [2016]
The combination of historic and modern maps in this section illustrates the past and future challenges for coastal cities such as New Orleans and Boston, and their efforts to develop resilient solutions in response to severe weather events and a changing natural environment
J. A. Barras
“Land Area Change in Coastal Louisiana after the 2005 Hurricanes,” 2006
J.J. Kosovich
State of Louisiana—Highlighting Low-lying Areas…, 2008
U.S. Geological Survey / NASA / NOAA Remote Sensing Division
Hurricane Sandy Slammed Eastern U.S. Four Years Ago, 2015
Chan Krieger NBBJ
Boston Over Time: Filling in the Land 1630 – Present, 2008
Alan M. Berger and others
Boston and Vicinity Infrastructure Map, 2015
Massachusetts Department of Transportation; Federal Highway Administration
Mass DOT 2015 Boston Harbor Flood Map: 2030 CO2 Emissions Coastal Flood Depths 1 Percent, 2015
Climate Ready Boston
Flood Progression – Coastal & Riverine Flooding: 2030s-2050s, [2016]
Climate Ready Boston
Flood Progression – Coastal & Riverine Flooding: 2050s-2100, [2016]
Climate Ready Boston
Flood Progression – Coastal & Riverine Flooding: 2070s Onward, [2016]
Climate Ready Boston
Downtown Flood Progression, 36 Inches Sea Level Rise, 2016
Climate Ready Boston
Public Transportation Exposed to Flooding with 36 Inch Sea Level Rise, 2016
Climate Ready Boston
Citywide Population Exposed [bar graph], 2016
Climate Ready Boston
Citywide Annualized Losses by Loss Category [bar graph], 2016
Climate Ready Boston
Layers, Strategies and Initiatives [graphic], 2016
Climate Ready Boston
Adapting to Climate Change [graphic], 2016
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, 2012

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