|This chart of the entrance to New York was included in the 1737 edition of The English Pilot: The Fourth Book. Tiddeman’s chart served as the standard chart of the area for nearly fifty years, until the publication of The Atlantic Neptune. This chart includes rough depictions of topography along the coastline, in the form of hachures, or lines. These lines were intended to give the navigator a sense of height, such as cliffs or other tall landforms. Compared to the detailed and finely executed headland views of the same area in The Atlantic Neptune, Tiddeman’s version is crude, and less instructive.