Mapping New England – Item 3 of 5

Fort William and Mary
An Explanation on the Prospect Draft of Fort William & Mary on Piscataqua River in ye Province of New Hampshire on the Continent of America, 1705
© The British Library Board (Maps K.Top.120.29)
This 1705 watercolor depicts Fort William and Mary on the Piscataqua River at Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The letter “S” labels the topmasts of the Province Galley, “Capt. Cyprian Southack Comander” [sic]. Essentially a one-ship navy, the Galley was responsible for protecting the interests of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and its people as far away as Nova Scotia. Southack commanded the Galley from 1696-1711, during which time he must have gathered much of the information for his chart of New England.


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