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Government Information

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Interstate Migration/National Defense Migration

The Select Committee to Investigate the Interstate Migration of Destitute Citizens was appointed in April of 1940 “to inquire into the interstate migration of destitute citizens, to study, survey, and investigate the social and economic needs, obtaining all facts possible in relation thereto which would not only be of public interest but which would aid the House in enacting remedial legislation.”  Its term was to expire with a report due un April of 1941, but the term was extended until January, 1943, and the name of the committee was changed to the Select Committee Investigating National Defense Migration.  Hearings after part 10 carried that committee name.  The committee’s most famous hearings were parts 29, 30, and 31, which dealt with the removal of the Japanese from the Pacific Coast area.  The committee was also known as the Tolan Committee after its chair, John H. Tolan.

  • part 1 (New York City hearings, July 29-31, 1940)
  • part 2 (Montgomery hearings, Aug. 14-16, 1940)
  • part 3 (Chicago hearings, Aug. 19-21, 1940)
  • part 4 (Lincoln hearings, Sept. 16-17, 1940)
  • part 5 (Oklahoma City hearings, Sept. 19-20, 1940)
  • part 6 (San Francisco hearings, Sept. 24-25, 1940)
  • part 7 (Los Angeles hearings, Sept. 28, 1940)
  • part 8 (Washington, DC, hearings, Nov. 19, Dec. 2-3, 1940)
  • part 9 (Washington hearings, Dec. 5-6, 9-10, 1940)
  • part 10 (Washington hearings, Dec. 11, 1940 and Feb. 26, 1941)(includes index to parts 1-10)
  • part 11 (Washington hearings, Mar. 24, 1941)
  • part 12 (San Diego hearings, June 12-13, 1941)
  • part 13 (Hartford hearings, June 24-25, 1941)
  • part 14 (Trenton hearings, June 27-28, 1941)
  • part 15 (Baltimore hearings, July 1-2, 1941)
  • part 16 (Washington hearings, July 15-17, 1941)
  • part 17 (Washington hearings, July 18-20, 1941)
  • part 18 (Detroit- Industrial- hearings, Sep. 23-25, 1941)
  • part 19 (Detroit- Agricultural- hearings, Sep. 23-25, 1941)
  • part 20 (Washington hearings, Oct. 28-29, 1941)
  • part 21 (Hastings, NE, hearings, Nov. 24, 1941)
  • part 22 (Omaha, NE, hearings, Nov. 25, 1941)
  • part 23 (St. Louis hearings, Nov. 26-27, 1941)
  • part 24 (Washington hearings on the automobile industry, Dec. 22-23, 1941)
  • part 25 (Washington hearings on civilian morale, Jan. 13-15, 1942)
  • part 26 (Washington hearings on the constitutional rights of destitute citizens of the United States to move from state to state- the Edwards case, Jan. 19, 1942)
  • part 27 (Washington hearings on the manpower of the nation in war production, Feb. 3-4, 11, 1942)
  • part 28 (Washington hearings on the manpower of the nation in war production, Feb. 12-13, 1942)
  • part 29 (San Francisco hearings on the problems of evacuation of enemy aliens and others prohibited from military zones, Feb. 21, 23, 1942)
  • part 30 (Portland and Seattle hearings on the problems of evacuation of enemy aliens and others prohibited from military zones, Feb. 26, 28 and Mar. 2, 1942)
  • part 31 (Los Angeles and San Francisco hearings on the problems of evacuation of enemy aliens and others prohibited from military zones, Mar. 6, 7, and 12, 1942)
  • part 32 (Huntsville hearings, May 7-8, 1942)
  • part 33 (Washington hearings with Florida and New Jersey supplements, May 22 and June 11, 19, 1942)
  • part 34 (Washington hearings, Sept. 15-17, 1942)