Posted on September 28th, 2016 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
The BPL is home to one of the finest collections of Shakespearean rarities in the world. A selection of these books will be on display in the upcoming Shakespeare Unauthorized exhibition at the central library in Copley Square from October 2016 to March 2017.
BPL’s copy of the second quarto edition of Richard II (G.176.32)
The Boston Public Library holds copies of nine plays by William Shakespeare that were printed during his lifetime (1564-1616). The oldest among these is one of just eight surviving copies of the second quarto of Richard II, printed in 1598 by Valentine Simmes for the publisher Andrew Wise.
Richard II is one of Shakespeare’s histories, a group of plays that primarily center around the power struggles of English monarchs and their battles over royal succession. The play is based largely on historical accounts of the final years of the reign of King Richard II of England and his overthrow at the hands of his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke. Through the self-inflicted downfall of Richard and the rise of Henry, Shakespeare explores the nature of hereditary monarchy, the limits of absolute power, and the corrupting psychology of autocratic rulership.
The language in the play is deeply poetic and many of the passages in Richard II are considered among Shakespeare’s finest, including John of Gaunt’s “sceptered isle” speech, the Parliament scene, Richard’s “Let’s talk of graves” monologue, and his wistful reflections from a cell in Pomfret Castle (“I wasted time, and now doth time waste me”).
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Posted on September 3rd, 2016 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
Portrait of Charles H. Tarbox. (MS q 7335)
On September 16th, 1862, a young Union soldier from Massachusetts named Charles H. Tarbox was just outside the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland, camped along a tributary of the Potomac River called Antietam Creek. Tarbox, who had worked as a farmer before enlisting, was about to take part in the Battle of Antietam–the bloodiest single day of fighting in American military history.
By sunrise the next morning, over 100,000 Union and Confederate soldiers had converged along the Antietam. By sundown, over 22,000 of them had been killed or wounded in the ensuing battle. Crossing the creek at Burnside’s Bridge at around noon, the 35th Massachusetts was caught in a deadly crossfire. 79 members of the regiment were killed. Charles Tarbox, just 22 years old, was one of them.
In 2014, the Boston Public Library acquired Tarbox’s pocket diary, which records his daily life during the handful of weeks he spent in the army. The diary is an extraordinarily powerful reminder of the mortal dangers faced by a single, enlisted soldier, and of the sacrifice that he ultimately made. Read more »
Posted on January 12th, 2016 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
(Click on the title of each item to view the digitized copy)
Picture above: the author’s autograph on the final line of the leftmost page, and the license on the lower right.
Lope de Vega. El Castigo sin Venganza. 1631. MS D.174.19
This is the original autograph manuscript of Lope de Vega‘s El Castigo sin Venganza (Punishment Without Vengeance). Felix Lope de Vega y Carpio (1562-1635) was a major Spanish playwright and poet during the period of flourishing Spanish art and literature known as the Siglo de Oro, and Castigo sin Venganza is considered by many to be his finest tragedy. The manuscript itself represents a remarkable working document, with many authorial corrections and interlineations. Though it once belonged to George Ticknor, whose collection of Spanish and Portuguese literature was acquired by the BPL through a bequest in 1871, this manuscript remained with the Ticknor family until his daughter, Anna Eliot Ticknor, gave it to the library in 1895.
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Posted on December 21st, 2015 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
Title page to East-ward Hoe (G.3962.2 no.1) with Frances Wolfreston’s autograph and annotation.
Boston Public Library Rare Books Librarian Jay Moschella in collaboration with University of Illinois scholars Sarah Lindenbaum and Lori Humphrey Newcomb would like to announce the recent identification of four playbooks in the Boston Public Library collection as items once owned by Frances Wolfreston, the best-known English woman book collector of the seventeenth century. Wolfreston has been of great interest to scholars and collectors since Johan Gerritsen’s 1964 essay “Venus Preserved: Some Notes on Frances Wolfreston” called attention to her remarkable collecting habits. The frequently cited 1989 essay “Frances Wolfreston and ‘Hor Bouks’: A Seventeenth-Century Woman Book Collector” by Paul Morgan includes an appendix of 106 books owned by the Wolferstan family, 95 of them bearing the trademark inscription “frances wolfreston hor bouk.” The most famous of these items is the sole extant copy of the first edition of Shakespeare’s poem, Venus and Adonis.
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Posted on November 17th, 2015 by Jay Moschella in Collections of Distinction
The Rare Books Department recently cataloged and conserved a curious and fascinating item: the ca. seventeenth-century manuscript play text of a comedy titled The Dutch Lady.
The plot of this play centers around Fuscara Gabriella, the eponymous Dutch lady, a widow who has travelled to England in order to collect the sizable debts owed to her late husband. Nearly destitute and unable to collect what she is owed, she decides instead to search for a new husband, along the way contriving various plots to lure wealthy men into marriage. At the same time, several Englishmen, either taken by her beauty, or under the mistaken belief that she is still a wealthy woman, hatch their own marriage gambits. These men include Dispensation Surfet, a lascivious Puritan preacher; Justinian Aimwell, a kindly gentleman; Aimwell’s lawyer, the corrupt and bumbling Francis Withernam; and Hotlove, a young gallant enamored of and in league with Fuscara, who plans to marry her off to the wealthy, but elderly Sir Ralph Beetl so that the two might soon inherit Beetl’s fortune.
The play itself, a withering social satire, is a delightful read. The majority of The Dutch Lady‘s most pointed barbs are aimed toward Puritans, collectively embodied in the play by the above-mentioned Surfet, who is described as “a holderforth, gluttonous, lustfull, cruel, covetous, hypocritical”, and who spends much of his time bumblingly attempting to seduce various women.
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